Plum cake has historically referred to an early type and style of fruitcake in England since around 1700. Raisins and currants were used, which the English referred to as plums since around 1660.Plum cakes during this period were raised by whipping air into the cake batter, rather than by the use of yeast. In Great Britain, the term plum cake still typically refers to what most Americans refer to as a type of fruitcake, and the term plum originally referred to prunes, raisins or grapes in England. In Old English, the term plūme was "from medieval Latin pruna, from Latin prunum, which equated to prune. Plum pudding is a similar dish prepared with similar ingredients, cooked by steaming the mixture rather than baking it.